World-renowned chef, author and Emmy-winning television personality Anthony Bourdain visits South Africa in the next episode of "Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown," airing Sunday, October 20, at 9 p.m. ET. Follow the show on Twitter and Facebook.
South Africa's unique culture - and complex history - shines through in everything the 'rainbow nation' does. Even the country's foodways reflect the diverse demographics of people that call the southernmost point of Africa home.
Before the Suez Canal was excavated, Europeans had to sail around Africa to get to Asia for the silk and spice trades. The journey was so long that explorers often ran out of fresh food and water, resulting in scurvy and oftentimes death.
Coastal city Cape Town was established as a logical restocking point, and was soon settled by a number of different European nationalities, including the Portuguese, Dutch and British.
Anyone who's ever eaten an Oreo knows how difficult it can be to eat just one.
Scientists have long suspected that our brains crave junk food in the same way they crave other pleasurable substances, such as illegal drugs. Previous studies in rodents and in humans have shown the same area of the brain that lights up on scans when people use drugs, also shows increased activity when study participants consume, or even look at, high fat, high sugar foods like ice cream or bacon.
Some scientists believe certain foods trigger the brain to signal for more, similar to the way addictive drugs prompt cravings; if we don't fulfill the brain's request, the body could produce a physical response (like caffeine headaches) similar to withdrawal symptoms.
New research from undergraduate students at Connecticut College adds to the growing evidence suggesting that food can be addictive. The students were interested in understanding how the availability of junk food in low-income areas has contributed to America's obesity epidemic.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 165 million children under the age of five are so malnourished they will never reach their full physical and cognitive potential.
About 2 billion people in the world lack vitamins and minerals that are essential for good health, and around 1.4 billion are overweight - one third of them, obese. Children born to parents suffering from these forms of malnutrition start out with a higher risk of impairment from birth and illness later in life.
Poverty is handed down from generation to generation. Now it's time to stop the cycle.
October 16 is the FAO's annual World Food Day, and the organization is seeking to heighten public awareness of the problem of hunger in the world and stimulate discussions for solutions.