Editor's note: The Southern Foodways Alliance delves deep in the history, tradition, heroes and plain old deliciousness of Southern food. Today's contributor, Virginia Willis, is the author of cookbooks "Bon Appétit, Y’all" and "Basic to Brilliant, Y’all." She is a contributing editor to Southern Living and a frequent contributor to Taste of the South. She also wrote Eatocracy's most-commented post of all time.
In this series for the Southern Foodways Alliance, I am examining iconic Southern foods that so completely belong to summer that if you haven’t relished them before Labor Day, you should consider yourself deprived of the entire season. My plan is to share a little history and a few recipes that I hope you will enjoy.
We kicked off the series with homemade ice cream. Coming up, I’ll feature tomatoes, squash, peas & beans, okra, peaches, and finish up right before Labor Day with a barbecued Boston butt. This week, we’re going crazy for corn!
Corn is not only an iconic Southern food; it’s All-American. Granted, as a country, we have perhaps become overly dependent on corn. But instead of the unpleasantries of industrial agriculture, let’s focus on buttery juices dribbling down your wrists, old-fashioned miniature plastic corn forks jauntily stabbed into the ends of the cob, and bacon fat melting in the cast-iron skillet, ready to receive freshly cut, milky kernels for creamed corn.
Southerners rich and poor, black and white, have historically consumed the same foods that sustained settlers as far back as the 16th and 17th centuries: corn, pork, game, and food harvested from the wild. The importance of corn cannot be overstated. Corn was eaten fresh in the summer, and dried to be ground into meal for baking and boiled for grits in the fall and winter.
My grandfather always preferred to plant his corn patch in the fertile black soil at the river’s edge. He taught me that when corn is ripe and ready to be picked, the silk at the top of the ear should be dark brown, almost black. When the corn came in, everyone worked. He’d harvest the corn and haul it up the road, depositing a minor mountain under the carport. Once a black snake made the pile his home for a bit, which provided for some serious excitement.
More than anything, I remember everyone sitting in the metal chairs on the screened-in porch and shucking corn deep into the evening while the crickets chirped. At some point my sister and our cousins would be let free to run around the yard and catch fireflies while the adults would continue whittling down the mountain of corn.
We would eat boiled corn on the cob with nothing more than salted butter. To enjoy the summer harvest throughout the year, my family would put up gallons and gallons of quart-size freezer bags of creamed corn. And, only much later did any one ever consider grilling corn or topping it with herb-enhanced compound butter. Today, I am sharing a recipe that blends fresh summer corn with grits. The layering of corn flavor is tremendous. I hope you enjoy this continued exploration of the iconic foods of summer.
Bon Appétit, Y’all!
Stone Ground Grits with Corn and Greens
Adapted from "Bon Appétit Y’all: Recipes and Stories from Three Generations," Ten Speed Press. 2008.
Serves 4 to 6
The key to the intense corn flavor is the layering of the elements of corn – unrefined corn oil, fresh corn, then grits, which are ground corn. Only use fresh corn in season for this recipe. As soon as corn is harvested, the sugar in the kernel begins to convert to starch and the corn begins to lose its sweetness. To store corn, leave on the husks and store it loosely wrapped in damp paper towels inside a paper bag. Refrigerate and use it within twenty-four hours.
Note: There are gadgets to cut corn off the cob, but a sharp knife will do the job well. Most people will stand the corn vertically to the cutting board and the corn will fly everywhere. Instead, set the ear of corn on its side and, using a chef’s knife, slice away the kernels on the four sides, squaring off the round ear. The kernels will fall away, but not having far to go, will not scatter. Then, stand the ear on one end and cut the away the “corners” of the cob. Finally, scrape the milky remainder on the cob into a bowl with the back of the knife.
For the grits:
1 tablespoon unrefined corn oil
1 sweet onion, grated
Scraped kernels from 2 ears fresh sweet corn (about 1 cup)
2 cups 2% milk
2 cups water
Coarse salt and freshly ground black pepper
1 cup stone-ground grits
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
3/4 cup grated Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese (about 3 ounces)
1 tablespoon chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley
1 tablespoon chopped fresh chives
For the greens:
2 tablespoons canola oil
3 medium cloves garlic, mashed into a paste with salt
1 medium bunch kale, collards, turnip greens, or mustard greens (about 1 1/2 pounds), cleaned, tough stems removed and discarded, and leaves very thinly sliced in chiffonade
Coarse salt and freshly ground black pepper
In a heavy-bottomed saucepan, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the onion and cook, stirring, until transparent, about 2 minutes.
Add the corn and cook, stirring occasionally, until the kernels become soft, about 5 minutes.
Add the milk, water, and 1 teaspoon of the salt. Bring the mixture to a boil over high heat. Whisk in the grits, decrease the heat to low, and simmer, whisking occasionally, until the grits are creamy and thick, 45 to 60 minutes.
Meanwhile, in a skillet, heat the oil over medium-high heat. Add the garlic and slightly damp ribbons of greens; season with salt and pepper. Cook until the greens are bright green and slightly wilted, 3 to 4 minutes. Taste and adjust for seasoning with salt and pepper. Set aside.
When the grits are tender, stir in the reserved greens, butter, cheese, parsley, and chives. Taste and adjust for seasoning with salt and pepper. Serve immediately.
Read more at the Southern Foodways Alliance's blog
Ears to you, summer corn!
Simply ear-resistible: A grilled corn tutorial
Notes from Zone 6b - a kernel of wisdom
5@5 – Virginia Willis – Southern is a state of mind
I agree 100% with Jdizzle McHammerpants ♫♫. Corn is not Southern food but a New England American Indian food. For a heavy kicker, Hawaii is the largest seed corn producer in the U.S.A. All the seed corn manufactures in the United States grow corn and GMO corn in Hawaii because they can get 4 planting a year versus 1 in the lower 48 states thus speeding up the laboratory test time by 3 more plantings a year. All current corn grown in the United States can be genetically traced back to the single state of Hawaii so in essence you can now say corn is a Hawaii food.
In my opinion Corn, Beans, Squash, Peas, etc are not Southern Foods. They are foods cultivated long before the "South" as we know it, by New England Indians.
New England Indians? The Powhatan Indians traded corn to Capt. Smith in Jamestown Virginia a few years before the Mayflower set sail. Peas originated in Europe. Beans and squash appear to have been first cultivated in South America. Corn seems to have been first cultivated in Mexico. So by geographically are solid Southern foods.
I do understand what you are saying, these vegetables have no boundaries. One could say they are as American as apple pie. And the apple is from central Asia. How about that?
Hawaiian corn; I would have never thunk it.
Great read, loved it. This is on my to do list for the weekend.
Have ya ever grilled corn on the cob? Delicious!
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